Black Rat, Roof Rat, Pest Control, Rat facts
Black Rat (Rattus Rattus)
There are two common rat species in North America: The Roof Rat and the Norway rat. The Roof Rat is also known as the Black Rat, the Ship Rat, the House Rat, and the Fruit Rat. Roof Rats are smaller, with adults ranging from 6 to 10 ounces with a body of 8 inches and a tail of 8 inches. They only need a tiny hole, about the size of a quarter, to squeeze through to get into a building. They tend to live in warmer areas that are above ground, such as trees. The Norway Rat is also called the Brown Rat, weighs 10 to 16 ounces with a 9 inch body and a shorter tail. They prefer cooler climates and live at ground level. Neither species lives very long, rarely more than a year in the wild, with a 95% first year mortality rate. They can breed all year long and tend to produce litters of up to 10 young five times a year.
Rats, rat facts, brown rat, norway rat
Norway Rat (Brown Rat)
Rats have a tendency to spread disease. Some diseases spread by rats are Salmonellois, Rickettsia Pox, Hantavirus, tapeworm, infectious jaundice, and tularemia. Rats have very poor eyesight and make up for this by urinating and defecating almost constantly. They will follow these trails to find their way around the environment. Rats also have a need to chew and gnaw because their teeth never stop growing. They need to grind their teeth down because they will continue to grow until eventually the rat's jaw is forced to remain open and chewing food becomes impossible. Due to this fact, rats will chew practically any material they come into contact with. House siding, wires and cardboard are a few of their favorite substances for grinding their teeth down. Rats chewing on electrical wires in an attic can be extremely hazardous due to the possibility of fire and should be taken very seriously.
Mouse Facts, mice, get rid of mice
Common House Mouse
Because they carry and transmit viruses, bacteria and other diseases, mice are considered to be troublesome pests. They are commonly responsible for causing damage to personal property and are notorious for commercial crop destruction. In agricultural communities, mice may also be responsible for machine and equipment malfunction. They destroy storage boxes, electrical lines and other materials while building their nests. Starting with just one male and one female mouse populations can expand to include over 200 individuals within a matter of months.

The presence of mouse droppings is an early and certain indication of an infestation. Nesting areas may be found in drawers, shoe boxes, storage boxes, under cabinets, and other areas that are seldom accessed. Mice tracks are sometimes visible in dusty or muddy areas and holes in walls confirm their presence, as well as their nesting place. Homeowners suffering infestations may hear noises at night and smell their urine in areas with poor ventilation.

Mice can contaminate surfaces and food sources within homes. When unknowingly ingested, their urine is dangerous to humans. Hantavirus is a particular threat associated with inhalation of particles released when mouse droppings, urine and saliva are disturbed. Contact Affordable Wildllife Eviction or your local wildlife removal company to discuss eradication methods.